Athletes who engage in sports requiring repetitive periods of maximal efforts, such as sprinting to defend a goal, sliding defensively in a basketball game, or resisting an opponent in a wrestling match, require anaerobic endurance.

Most athletes understand the concept of specificity of training, which centers on training the body as specifically as possible for the demands of a particular sport. An athlete’s ability to sprint repeatedly during a football game or soccer match requires metabolic efficiency and fitness. Athletes must be capable of clearing the fatigue-inducing byproducts of high-intensity muscle contraction, such as lactate and hydrogen ions, during recovery sessions and rest periods. Also, athletes require a well-trained neuromuscular system that is capable of resisting fatigue and maintaining the muscles’ ability to develop peak force and power. Lowered muscle glycogen levels negatively affect the neuromuscular system, which requires athletes in prolonged strength and power sports to maximize glycogen before a competition and prevent its depletion during a competition to ensure peak performance.

Psychological Function

When evaluating the dynamics of sports performance, the focus is often on the cardiovascular and muscle systems. Yet it’s the athlete’s brain that acts as the control center for many of the body processes that propel performance, making the brain an essential component of athletic success. Athletes must make quick decisions on the field and have a mind-muscle connection to optimize performance. Feeding the brain with specific nutrients and supplements can help enhance reaction time, balance, dexterity, focus, visual acuity, speed, strength, endurance, and confidence. For example, our PreWorkout Supplement UPPERCLIMB ASCEND contains L-Theanine. L-Theanine, a water-soluble, non-protein amino acid commonly found in green tea, has been widely studied for its ability to encourage wakeful relaxation without sedation. L-theanine is thought to work by decreasing “excitatory” brain chemicals that contribute to stress and anxiety while increasing brain chemicals that encourage a sense of calm and improve attention. Tyrosine, which is a nonessential amino acid, may also affect the central nervous system and the brain’s perception of fatigue and motivation. For sports requiring a high level of hand-eye coordination and quick decision making, including baseball, basketball, and tennis, these types of supplements are appealing and potentially offer a competitive advantage.